During weaning, the mother's feeding amounts can be gradually brought back to normal. Chondroitin and glucosamine are natural constituents of meat and so are present in virtually all dog foods, but some dog foods have additional to provide extra joint support. Different foods can have dramatically different feeding amounts so make sure to check the guide on the packaging of the new food as both over-feeding and under-feeding can lead to health problems. Having said that, by reading pet food labels and knowing what to look for, finding the right food can be made a lot easier, and this is where we can help. Once your dog is settled on to a food, keep an eye on his weight as this is the easiest way of telling whether or not the feeding amounts are correct. The puppies should start eating the food quite naturally, while still taking some milk from their mother. Once it's gone, it's gone. There's dog food for active dogs, large breed dog food and many foods specifically balanced for health issues like arthritis, skin allergies, dental care and joint health. They do love treats, however, whether they are cat treats or a taste of people There is no one-size-fits-all dog food, because each one of our furry friends have different nutritional needs depending on their lifestage. As with most things, when it comes to protein, quality is much more important than quantity. Repeat the process at each meal, and keep treats between meals down until the fussiness has ceased. Joint problems, for example, are common in older dogs so senior dog foods often include joint-aid supplements like fish oils, chondroitin, glucosamine and MSM. Bacteria in the urine feed off of the nutrients in the urine, so again, keeping the concentration of nutrients low will help. A simple analogy would be that it is like giblet gravy. Certain amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) are essential for cardiovascular function. Carbohydrates also provide the fiber in pet diets. Minerals come in many forms but calcium, magnesium and phosphorus are amongst the leading contributors to urinary stones. Strict meal times are essential. Because the amount of each one is smaller, they appear further down the list making them appear less significant. All ingredients must be listed in order of how much there is in the food. They will need at least 4 small meals per day and over the subsequent days, you will notice the puppies taking more and more solid food while their mother's milk production begins to decrease. The herb, devil's claw, has proven benefits for humans with joint problems but is very expensive and so is not used in dog foods very often. Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use | Site map | Contact Us, Copyright © 2020 David Jackson. For this reason, some dog food producers have started experimenting with lower temperature baking or even cold-pressing. The Japanese Bobtail is a very intelligent breed who are interested in everything going on in the home. Fresh meat is roughly two thirds water while meat meal only contains around 5% water. The final ingredients shown in the example are two food dyes. Controversies in Small Animal Nutrition: Pet Food Safety, Volume 23 Number 3 August 2008 Pages 127-132, Copyright © 2006-2020 Pet Food Institute | Non-Discriminatory/Accessibility Policy. Become a Vendor to sell Tip Top Dog Food at your store. It has the correct balance of important nutrients to maintain a healthy immune system and make any necessary repairs. For mothers of larger litters, free feeding may be necessary. Take a look at our general dog feeding guidelines to get started working out the right feeding regime for your puppy. All treats and tit-bits should be compensated by a similar reduction at meal times and high fat treats should be avoided altogether. Even with our help though, all we can do is make an educated guess as to what food is likely to benefit your dog most. Each ingredient is designed to extend the value of our food. Carbohydrate is a broad category of compounds from sugars to starches to oligosaccharides to celluloses. Fibre is only found in plants, so virtually all grains and vegetables contain some, while meats contain none at all. Other sources of digestible carbohydrates in pet foods include: various grain flours, brown rice, oats, sorghum, and potatoes. Changing Food According to Lifestage. Puppy foods are higher in energy and dry puppy foods have smaller biscuits which many small breeds prefer. Once puppies finish growing, they will naturally need less food and many will have a reduced apetite. Dry foods should be kept in a cool, dry place while moist foods should be refrigerated after opening and frozen foods should only be thawed just before being fed. If your dog does have a health problem, please have a look at our guide to feeding dogs with minor health problems below or for more serious problems consult your vet. Even if nothing has been eaten, DON'T OFFER ANYTHING ELSE! Following the birth, the mother continues to supply everything the puppies need for growth and development through her milk, and her dietary needs will continue to rise. This allows the amounts of all of the meat ingredients to be grouped together. Quite often, when a dog is changed from a low-grade food on to a high-quality diet, they can often be left a bit hungry. A popular alternative to strict feeding times is free feeding. A lifetime of wear and tear makes older dogs much more prone but certain factors can bring the onset forward. Joint supplements for dogs have become increasingly popular in recent years. Some oils, when eaten in moderation, can be beneficial for dogs and some dog foods have them added as part of the recipe. It’s hard to miss a strong dog. Although many dog owners report real improvements on these three supplements, clinical trials on dogs are virtually non-existant and those done on people are inconclusive. It can also help with weight loss programs as foods that are high in fibre are digested more slowly, allowing the dog to feel fuller for longer while providing less calories. For this reason we always recommend introducing a new food over several days to make the change as smooth as possible. #2486782-1, guide for dogs that are prone to weight gain, guide to feeding dogs with minor health problems, guide for feeding dogs with joint problems, guide to feeding dogs with digestive problems here. Changing between different varieties of the same range can be done more quickly as many of the ingredients will be the same, although sensitive dogs may still need to be changed gradually. Methyl-sulphonyl-methane (MSM) is another popular, natural joint supplement. Week 2: Feed up to 200% of the usual daily amount. Take a look at our guide on how much to feed your dog for more information. All dogs benefit from exercise, needing at least 30-60 minutes per day, with younger dogs and high energy breeds requiring considerably more. These range from the macro-nutrients like protein and fat which dogs need in large quantities to micro-nutrients like vitamins and minerals which are needed in much smaller amounts but are just as crucial to a dogs health. Dogs love consistency so once you have found a schedule that suits you and your dog, it's best to stick with it. While fats are essential and many can be beneficial, others can be harmful and too much of any fat can lead to obesity and the host of health problems that often come with it. Every dog food manufacturer has its own idea of what levels of nutrients a dog needs and as a result, the amounts of protein, fat and fibre can vary enormously between foods. Make no mistake, food is the most important factor in your dog's life. Before doing anything, compare your dog with our dog weight chart. This is the multi-vitamin/mineral of the complete food. Skin and muscle tissue both contain large amounts of protein and it is also the main component of hair and nails. Proper nutrition is an important part of keeping your dog healthy. According to British law, all complete dog foods have to display the percentages of protein, fat, fibre and ash on the packaging. For this reason, the vast majority of manufacturers now add synthetic vitamins to their foods. This is because the nutrient densities of different foods can vary widely, and this is reflected in the manufacturers' recommended feeding amounts. Broad, umbrella terms like 'cereals' and 'meat and animal derivatives' could refer to a wide range of ingredients of varying quality which makes it impossible to know what your dog is eating. Please note that the following advice is for owners of dogs that regularly refuse food with no underlying health problems. If your dog is gaining excessive weight, please take a look at our guide for dogs that are prone to weight gain. The function of the mixed-tocopherols in pet foods is to prevent that oxidation from occurring, in other words, they are the antioxidants in the product. Constant scratching or chewing/licking of the skin, especially around the paws is sadly very common in dogs. At the PEDIGREE® Brand, everything we do is for the love of dogs. Find out what our experts have to say about what and how much your dog should eat. This is particularly important if your dog is prone to dietary intolerance as identifying and eliminating problem ingredients is not possible unless you know exactly what you are feeding. We can help you pick out the foods with the best ingredients but no food suits every dog. For dogs with a history of heart problems, diet can be very important in reducing the risk of future problems. Manufacturers use them either because the recipe regularly changes or, more likely, because naming the ingredients would put customers off. Many dogs develop joint problems at some point in their lives. 'Ash' is one of the most commonly misunderstood terms in pet food. The ingredients list is your window into the true nature of your dog's diet. There are only two or three ‘chemical sounding’ names remaining in the list. In this case the colors are FD&C certified colors, while other GRAS colors can include natural colors such as beet powder. Weaning is the process of moving your puppies from milk onto solid food. Unlike smaller dogs, large and giant breeds mature later, often not reaching their full size until 15-18 months of age, and then reach old age much quicker, with the average life span of many giant breeds being only 6 or 7 years. Senior diets do however allow for the inclusion of certain supplements to help with the common health problems affecting older dogs. The key is to work with percentages. Nutritional imbalances may lead to obesity and other life threatening complications. This can be achieved by avoiding any foods that are likely to increase blood pressure like diets that are high in slat (sodium). It is always the result of some factor, and by minimising those factors, you can reduce the chances of all health problems. Take a look at our guide to feeding dogs with digestive problems here. Two exceptions are dogs with kidney or urinary problems, who benefit from lower ash diets, and growing puppies which need sufficient minerals for healthy bone development. Although some dogs are more prone to putting on weight than others, weight gain is only possible when the number of calories going in is greater than the amount being used by the dog. Some dogs can be a real pain to feed. The typical analysis is where you can find information about the levels of certain nutrients in your dog's food. Over millions of years of evolution it has been shaped into an extremely efficient machine. Ingredients: Chicken meal, chicken oil, chicken digest... ". So, stick with percentages: 50% of the recommended amount of food 1 with 50% of the recommended amount of food 2, or 60:40, 70:30, 80:20 etc. The main thing to remember is that dogs are not naturally fussy animals, but they are exceptional learners. The best dog food for your canine companion should meet his nutritional needs. Further information on nutrition labelling standards in England is available on GOV.UK.. At this stage it is important to change on to an adult food to avoid excessive weight gain. All dog foods are required to provide the percentages of certain nutrients on the label, but if you need any more details you should get in touch with the manufacturer and they will usually be happy to help. Usually they are provided to the product via a prepared “packet” called a premix. Every cell in every system works in harmony to keep the dog fit and healthy and in order to do so they simply need the right amounts of the right nutrients. As her stomach volume continues to decrease, it is often wise to feed the mother several, smaller meals per day for the last 1-2 weeks of pregnancy (rather than one or two larger meals). This means that 20% fresh meat only equates to around 7% dry meat. This is when food is left in the bowl and the dog is allowed to choose when and how much to eat. Both can get a proper balance of amino acids in their diets through the use of various ingredients. Lethargy, high blood pressure, joint problems, heart problems and diabetes are all much more common in overweight dogs. Unfortunately, manufacturers can be quite cunning when it comes to the order of the ingredients so some common tactics to look for include: Splitting grains: By using several grain sources, the amount of each one is relatively small, placing it further down the ingredients list, but together the cereals may in reality make them the first ingredient. At the same time, a healthy and balanced dog food must have between 15- 20% fats, 20- 30% protein, 35 - 75% carbohydrates, though these rates will differ depending on health and age of your the dog. For a comprehensive guide on all of the types of food available from dry to raw, complementary to complete, take a look at our guide here. Occasionally, dogs fed too much do not gain too much weight, but instead develop digestive problems or other health issues. Continue feeding the high energy food, and begin increasing the amount being fed as shown below, preferably by offering more meals each day rather than larger meals. Dogs have evolved to consume relatively high quantities of meat and their physiology has adapted to easily digest and utilise the nutrients the meat contains. The second part of any weight loss programme should be exercise. For dogs that sometimes go to the toilet in the house at night, it is often helpful to stick to morning or early afternoon meals to make sure the food has time to work its way through before bed time. Raw frozen foods are, obviously, not cooked and so hold on to far more of their natural nutrients and so don't usually require any vitamin supplementation. Therefore, to stop weight gain, or achieve weight loss, your dog has two options: eat fewer calories or burn more - or ideally, both. If your dog is below normal weight then his hunger is well justified. Urea is produced when surplus amino acids (the building blocks of proteins) are broken down by the body. ), so replacing a percentage of the recommended amount of one complete with the same percentage of another will generally work out more or less the same. Although any breed can be affected by bloat, there is a higher incidence in deep-chested breeds and for Great Danes, Weimaraners, St. Bernards, Irish setters, and Gordon setters who are particularly at risk, multiple, smaller meals are certainly recommended. When it comes to nutrition, there’s a lot of misleading information out there — that’s why it’s more important than ever that you have the facts you need to make informed decisions about your pet’s health. This is because oxygen destroys the unsaturated fatty acids first. Obviously, the easiest way to ensure your dog takes in less calories is to feed less. Both of these amino acids are naturally produced in the tissues of animals and so are present in virtually all dog foods, although some producers add extra as a health supplement. Many dog food manufacturers add large amounts of low grade, highly processed fats (usually just referred to as 'oils and fats' or 'animal fats') to make the food more palatable. This guide is very approximate and may need to be adjusted. Carbohydrates supply glucose for cellular energy, thus sparing protein, which would otherwise need to be converted to glucose, for other functions in the body. During the first 6 weeks of pregnancy, the puppies remain quite small and don't place too many demands on their mother, so her normal diet will usually be sufficient. The enzymes breakdown the proteins and fats resulting in a mixture of free amino acids and fatty acids that is quite tasty to the animal. Although the philosophies can differ between brands, as well as the protein/fat/fibre percentages, the quantities of micronutrients in complete foods generally conform to very similar recommended levels (provided by the PMFA in the UK, AAFCO in America, FEDIAF in Europe etc. We are focused on optimum nutrition that not only provides for your dogs nutrition now but helps prevents future health issues. Put the bowl down and anything not eaten within 20 minutes can be taken up. Please note that some dogs need time to adjust to different foods so it is usually better to mix the foods together for each meal rather than alternating between them. Nevertheless, it cannot take the place of proper veterinary support so please consult your veterinarian for full advice on dealing with heart problems. When providing nutrition information, you are required to declare: energy value; amounts of fat, saturates, carbohydrate, sugars, protein and salt; The content of the mandatory nutrition declaration can be supplemented with an indication of the amounts of one or more of the following: Senior dogs can do just as well on a smaller amount of normal adult dog food – after all, wild animals don’t change their diet when the get older, but they do eat less. There are exceptions, however, but since the best source of calories for dogs is meat, and since meat is expensive, good quality, working dog foods can be fairly expensive. Likewise, a dog's energy levels, attention span and demeanour can fluctuate dramatically after eating certain foods. This works in exactly the same way as dog training - for example - owner says 'sit', the dog sits, he gets a treat; owner says 'sit', the dog sits, he gets a treat. If fresh meat is the first ingredient, be sure to discount the water and move it down the list accordingly. We explain what is in our raw dog food meals and why we add it. All of us want happy and healthy dogs, which is the biggest driver behind the manufacturing of our dog food. That's why if we're eating fresher, less-processed food at home, our best friends should be getting the very best, too. For this reason, unless your dog has a specific health problem, I wouldn't worry about the typical analysis. A rancid product is deficient in critical nutrients, contains free radicals and probably has a bad taste/aroma that will cause the pet to reject the food. The most common ingredient in animal digest is liver because of its great enzymatic capacity, but washed chicken viscera (organs) are also used. No matter how much they are fed, they always want more. Cystitis is also less irritated by dilute urine. Japanese Bobtails generally exercise enough to maintain their proper weight. Along with the associated health risks from a bad diet, overweight animals are less able to evade preda… This is because high-quality foods tend to contain less fillers and more nutritional ingredients so the feeding amounts are lower. Compare your dog's body shape to the dogs pictured above. Please note that the feeding amounts suggested in our dog food reviews are only provided to help you compare the relative feeding costs of foods and should not be used as an alternative to the feeding guide provided on the packaging. Neutering dramatically alters the dog's hormonal balance, which in turn affects the metabolic rate, amongst other things. In general, foods based on red meat meals have higher ash contents because they contain more mineral-rich bone. Any additional weight will also put extra strain on the heart so take care to keep your dog in a healthy, lean condition. For example, a mother nursing only one or two puppies will need less than suggested above, and mothers with very large litters (over 6 puppies) may need more. The fat in the example is supplied by animal fat, produced via the rendering process. There are currently 13 known vitamins, each of which serves a crucial role in your dog's health: Vitamins have become an increasingly hot topic for canine nutritionists of late since many dog food production methods involve very high temperatures which are known to destroy vitamins. Dog Food Ingredients & Nutritional Value. While the dyes are not nutrients for the pet, they are used to please the eye of the owner. You could also add certain home-prepared foods to help bulk out the diet. See our Diet and Disease section for more information. If you are feeding a dry food, you could also soak the food in water to ensure water intake is kept up. Take a look at our guide on how much to feed your dog for more information. Find the latest dog and cat food nutrition articles, commentary and news covering pet obesity and health, limited ingredient diets, pet food label changes, plant-based proteins and how human food trends continue to impact the pet food industry. For the majority of healthy adult dogs, the feeding schedule can be very flexible. Week 3 to weaning: Feed up to 300% of the usual daily amount. Your dog is at his ideal weight when you can feel, but not easily see, the last two or three ribs and when there is an easily identifiable waist line when looking down from above. High protein diets therefore inevitably produce more urea, so low protein diets are often recommended for dogs that are prone to urinary problems. If your dog has suddenly lost his appetite it is always best to consult a vet. From weaning right through to old age, it is diet more than any other factor that will determine the quality and the length of your dog's life. This is important to avoid over feeding and also helps to prevent fussiness. Their role is to remove toxins like urea and excess minerals from the blood. Ensure that the food of your dog includes the essentials. Week 1: Feed up to 150% of the usual daily amount. For this reason, for most dog owners, the mineral content of the food is fairly unimportant. During the last third of pregnancy (weeks 6 - 9) the puppies are growing very quickly, roughly doubling in size each week. Dog food manufacturers use a huge array of ingredients, many of which will be familiar to you, others may not. At 8 weeks, the puppy has developed enough, physically and psychologically, to allow for a safe move to a new home. Once you have established a daily feeding amount, you can basically divide it up into as many meals as you want and feed them at times to suit you. As adult dogs get older, their metabolism starts to slow down. Stones and crystals form from minerals in the urine. If your dog is showing signs of hyperactivity, we would recommend steering clear of any artificial additives, especially preservatives and colourings, as well as foods with any added sugars. Human food is not natural for bobtails and can make them sick. You owe it to your dog to get his food right but don't fret, we're here to help all the way! dog food nutritional information - Liquid Glucosamine Liquid Glucosamine for Dogs, Pet Joint Supplement Contains Chondroitin and MSM - All Natural Anti Inflammatory Pain Relief - Naturally Derived Canine Joint Care Supplement - Joint & Hip Dysplasia, Inflammation and Arthritis Pain Relief - Liquid Formula Absorbs More Effectively Than Chewable Tablets and powder - 4 fl OZ Pump - Made in … Well don't worry, you are certainly not alone (in fact this is probably the most common dog feeding problem) and in general the remedy is fairly simple. Since 1958, PFI has been the voice of the makers of U.S. cat and These supplements are much better at surviving the cooking process but have come under criticism from natural feeding advocates who claim that they are nutritionally inferior to natural vitamins. Wet products do not need preservatives because they are hermetically sealed and the oxidation process is halted until the package is opened. Secondly, the diet controls the dog's weight, which can have huge effects on the joints. If you're not seeing any weight loss after 2-3 weeks, reduce the amount by a further 10%. All Rights Reserved. All dogs need a wide range of nutrients to live a healthy life. Whatever your dog's breed and history though, one of the most important factors of joint health, and certainly the easiest to control, is diet. With time, dogs tend to eat less. In most cases, they are the vitamin and mineral sources. Our dog food ingredients glossary has plenty of information about the more popular ingredients as well as which ones are worth searching for and which are best avoided. This will help against his hunger and will also help him to get up to a more healthy weight. As such, pet foods are made with carefully prepared recipes crafted by experts in companion animal nutrition, and veterinary scientists. Dietary fibre also slows down the digestion of the other foods it is consumed with. To find out why each nutrient is important for your dog, take a look at the below guide to dog food nutrients. Through diet, he has to get everything his body needs: from the energy needed to keep chasing those balls to the incredible array of nutrients that form every tissue and keep every cellular process going, it must all be delivered through his diet. From the moment any ingredient is harvested, its nutritional levels start to drop and the rate at which the nutrients degrade is entirely dependant on how the food is stored. Urine is produced by the kidneys as they filter the blood. Keeping your dog at a healthy weight is, therefore, extremely important. In “Ingredients: Where Pet Food Starts,” Dr. Angele Thompson, one of the world’s foremost authority on pet food nutrition takes us through an example of a complete and balanced dry dog food containing 42 ingredients. To achieve healthy weight loss, always try to combine healthy feeding with plenty of exercise. The most natural and digestible form for dogs comes in meat and fish. As you can see, fibre is important in maintaining intestinal health and can effectively treat both constipation and diarrhoea. They get on well with other cats, dogs and children and need the company of humans. So how do we keep the urine from being too concentrated? It might be used in liquid form or spray dried and used as a dry powder to coat onto the outside of expanded dried kibbles. By doing so, his body will get everything it needs and will be spared anything that might cause problems. To get the most out of any food, an airtight container is best. We understand that as the sole source of nutrition for our pets, pet food makers bear an incredible responsibility to provide dogs and cats with safe, high quality and complete nutrition. Once you have decided which categories of food you would prefer to feed, we can help you find the very best varieties from the hundreds that are available - just enter your dogs details and select the types of foods your interested in on our dog food search page to get started. Both are good quality meat sources but in order to accurately compare them, the water content of the fresh meat must be removed from the equation. For example, if your dog becomes hungry easily it is usually best to feed several small meals to make sure the stomach isn't left empty for long periods. For example, instead of feeding two 120g meals per day, you could feed three 80g meals. In a wet product, typical protein sources would be meats and meat by-products, poultry and poultry by-products and fish and fish by-products. Although health issues can come in incredibly wide range of forms, there are some simple dietary principles that can apply to virtually all of them. Most dog owners opt for 1-3 meals per day but due to the potential link between bloat (a potentially life-threatening illness also known as Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus or Gastric Torsion) and single, large meals, an increasing number of veterinarians are now recommending dividing the daily food allowance into two or more smaller meals spaced across the day. Some companies produce specific foods for pregnant and nursing bitches, but any puppy food or high energy diet would be just as effective. All dogs are different and while some dogs will flourish on apparently low grade foods, others might have difficulties on even the highest quality diets. The protein sources in the example are: poultry by-product meal, corn gluten meal, meat and bone meal, and soybean meal, with some contribution of protein from whole corn, whole wheat, barley, rice, animal digest and the amino acids. Bobtails naturally eat plant tubers, bugs and fungi. Exercise burns calories and helps to keep your dog healthy. One easy way is to feed more regular, smaller meals. Your dog's health should, therefore, always be the final indicator of a food's suitability. Food and digestive health play a major role in almost all skin problems so if your dog has skin sensitivities, be sure to check out our comprehensive guide to feeding itchy dogs here. 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